PREFACE

This monograph is not intended to be an exhaustive commentary on its subject.  That is, it does not cite every Scripture relative to the Spirit or expand in depth on all that are mentioned.  The design, rather, is to present an organized overview, quite comprehensive in parts, in order to promote an understanding of the nature and action of the Spirit of the Godhead.  It would be suitable as a study guide which could then be examined, by element, to produce a deep knowledge and understanding of a subject not often searched intensively.

The Bible translation generally used in this monograph is the American Standard Version (of 1901) for three important reasons:
The accuracy of this version has been highly esteemed by scholars and is one of our most accurate English versions.
It retains the special respect, honor and reverence for God, uniquely His due, by the use of the terms “thee”, “thou”, and “thy” instead of the more familiar counterparts of today which convey no distinction whatsoever.
The style and language are much more beautiful than that of the modern versions.  Beauty is often associated with Godliness in the Scriptures.  Given a choice between beauty and the common glare, it seems fair to opt for the former.

SCRIPTURAL NAMES and TERMS for the HOLY SPIRIT
The original Hebrew and Greek are variously translated (by word or phrase) as “Holy Ghost”, “Holy Spirit”, “the Spirit of God”, “the Spirit of the Lord”, “the Spirit of your Father”, “the Spirit of truth”, “the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus”, “Spirit of His Son”, “the Spirit of glory”; and very often, just “Spirit”.
These different terms, in themselves and taken as a whole, reveal much of the nature of the Spirit.
The King James Version predominantly renders it as “Holy Ghost”, but five times as “Holy Spirit”, the better choice found in our later versions.  Also the KJV does not capitalize “spirit” regularly in the Old Testament or the New as our current versions do.  There are exceptions to this in the KJV and a careful, studious reading is necessary to determine when the Scripture refers to the Holy Spirit.
The New Testament presents a more complete portrait of the Holy Spirit.  The original Greek word “pneuma” which means “air”, “breath” or “spirit” forms a familiar prefix in some of our English words such as “pneumatic”, “pneumatology”, “pneumonia”, etc.  The Hebrew counterpart, “ruach”, has a similar meaning: “wind”.

THE ESSENCE of the HOLY SPIRIT
The Holy Spirit is part of the Holy Trinity.  We take care to document this because at least one present-day, well-known, so-called “Christian” religion denies the doctrine of the Trinity.
But such is sometimes proved in a single verse:

*Matt. 28:19  “—baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.”

*2 Cor. 13:14  “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit, be with you all.”

*2 Thess. 2:13 “But we are bound to give thanks to God always for you, brethren, beloved of the Lord, for that God chose you from the beginning unto salvation in sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth”

*1 Peter 1:2  “—according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, in sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace to you and peace be multiplied.”
It can also be derived out of adjacent verses (we need to remember that chapters and verses are of human invention): Matt. 3:16-17; Mark 1:10-11; John 14:13-17; 1Cor. 12:4-6 and 1Thess. 1:1-5
And there are many Scriptural citations individually illuminating the separate personalities of the Godhead.
The Holy Spirit is eternal and like God the Father, the beginning and the end.  He was there when the “heavens and earth” were created.  Gen. 1:1-2: “and the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters”.  That the Holy Spirit and Christ were involved appears evident in Heb. 1:1-2: “God…hath at the end of these days spoken unto us in his Son, whom he appointed heir of all things, through whom also He made the worlds”, and in Gen. 1:26: “And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness” (emphasis added).   Job recognized the creative force in chapter 33, verse 4: “The Spirit of God hath made me, And the breath of the Almighty giveth me life.”
Perhaps if one word or two embodies the essence of the Holy Spirit, it is “life”, or as Webster has it: “the quality that distinguishes a vital and functional being from a dead body” (emphasis added) and “a principal of force that is considered to underlie the distinctive quality of animate beings”.  By expansion or extrapolation, this translates into “action”, into “power”.  And in essence, we can say that the Holy Spirit is the power of God.
In Acts 10:38 we have “…God anointed him [Jesus] with the Holy Spirit and with power”.  Then in Acts 1:8, “But ye shall receive power, when the Holy Spirit is come upon you”.
This relationship is thoroughly amplified in Micah 3:8; Luke 4:14; Rom. 15:13 and 19;   1 Cor. 2:4; Eph. 3:16; 1 Thess. 1:5; and 2 Tim. 1:7.

THE MEASURES of the HOLY SPIRIT
Now we come to the crux of this study.  In order to more fully understand the birth, life, miracles, death and resurrection of Christ; the work of the Apostles; the age of miracles; and the scheme of redemption, we must examine and grasp the role of the Holy Spirit in all of these.
The Scriptures given for each sub-heading in this section are comprehensive and some explanatory notes are offered, but in each case the result is but a framework that calls for more intensive study in part and in whole.
The Full Measure
As a preliminary, let’s review the role of the Holy Spirit in the earthly birth of Christ.  Matt. 1:18 “Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found with child of the Holy Spirit”.
As an aside, too little is said of the faith of Joseph.  Imagine the challenge when he learned Mary was “with child”.  But he was a “righteous man” (v. 19) and “an angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit” (v. 20).  “And Joseph arose from his sleep, and did as the angel of the Lord commanded him, and took unto him his wife and knew her not till she had brought forth a son: and he called his name Jesus” (v. 24-25).
The parallel account in Luke 1:27-35 confirms and amplifies this event and reads in particular (v. 35) “The Holy Spirit shall come upon thee [Mary], and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee: wherefore also the holy thing which is begotten shall be called the Son of God”.
But the child Jesus, or even the man Jesus, did not have the advantage of the special and full power of God until He was ready to begin His ministry.  This came at His baptism by John and is the only recorded incidence of the bestowal of the full measure (power) of the Holy Spirit.  Matt. 3:16 “And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway from the water: and lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him”.  Luke 3:21-22 “Now it came to pass, when all the people were baptized, that, Jesus also having been baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, and the Holy Spirit descended in bodily form, as a dove, upon him…”.  See also John 1:32-33 for another account.  But John adds, importantly (v. 34 of chapter 3),  “For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for he giveth not the Spirit by measure.”
Thus we see Jesus received the full measure of the Spirit.  This is borne out in Matt. 28:18: “All authority (KJV says “power”) hath been given unto me in heaven and on earth”, and Luke 4:1: “And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan…”

His work, preaching and miracles were enabled by the Spirit.
Matt 4:1 “Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.”  See also Mark 1:12 and Luke 4:1.
Matt. 12:18 “Behold, my servant whom I have chosen; My beloved in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my Spirit upon him, And he shall declare judgment to the Gentiles.”
Matt. 12:28 “But if I by the Spirit of God cast out demons, then is the kingdom of God come upon you.”
Luke 2:40 (KJV) “And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon him.”
Luke 4:14 “And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee: and a fame went out concerning him through all the region round about.”
Luke 4:18 “The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, Because he anointed me to preach good tidings to the poor:  He hath sent me to proclaim release to the captives, And recovering of sight to the blind, To set at liberty them that are bruised”
Acts 10:38 “even Jesus of Nazareth, how God anointed him with the Holy Spirit and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.”
1 Cor. 15:45 “So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul.  The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.”
1 Tim. 3:16 “and without controversy great is the mystery of godliness; He who was manifested in the flesh, Justified in the spirit, Seen of angels, Preached among the nations, Believed on in the world, Received up in glory.”
Heb. 9:14 “how much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish unto God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?”
Jesus had the power to look into the hearts of others: Mark 2:8 “And straightway Jesus, perceiving in his spirit that they so reasoned within themselves, saith unto them, Why reason ye these things in your hearts?”
And very importantly, it was the power of the Holy Spirit which raised Jesus from the dead: Romans 8:11, “But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also to your mortal bodies through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.”   Acts 2:33 “Being therefore by the right hand of God exalted, and having received of the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he hath poured forth this, which ye see and hear.”

Baptismal Measure
A less powerful and thus a limited measure of the Holy Spirit has been basically manifested twice – on the apostles at Pentecost (Acts 2) and on the Gentiles at Caesarea (Acts 10).  It is not clear exactly what measure Paul received individually but it seems to be the “apostolic” measure.  Acts 9:17-19 recounts how he was “filled with the Holy Spirit” at the time of his baptism.
The following Scriptures comprehensively touch upon the nature, occasions, power and extent of the baptismal measure:
Matt. 3:11 “I [John the Baptist] indeed baptize you in water unto repentance: but he [Jesus] that cometh after me is mightier than I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire.”
Matt. 10:20 (to the apostles) “For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father that speaketh in you.”
Mark 1:8 “I baptized you in water: but he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit.”
Luke 3:16 “John answered, saying unto them all, I indeed baptize you with water; but there cometh he that is mightier than I, the latchet of whose shoes I am not worthy to unloose: he shall baptize you in the Holy Spirit and in fire.”
John 14: 16-17 “And I [Jesus] will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may be with you for ever (v.17) even the Spirit of truth: whom the world cannot receive; for it beholdeth him not, neither knoweth him: ye know him;  for he abideth with you, and shall be in you.”
John 15:26 “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall bear witness of me”
John 16:13 “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he shall guide you into all the truth: for he shall not speak from himself; but what things soever he shall hear, these shall he speak: and he shall declare unto you the things that are to come.”
John 20:22 “And when he [Jesus] had said this (to the disciples), he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Spirit”
Acts 1:5 (Jesus, to the apostles) “for John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized in the Holy Spirit not many days hence.”
Acts 1:8 “But ye [apostles] shall receive power, when the Holy Spirit is come upon you: and ye shall be my witnesses in Jerusalem, and in Judea and Samaria, and to the uttermost part of the earth.”
Acts 1:18 “Yea and on my servants and on my handmaidens in those days will I pour forth my Spirit; and they shall prophesy.”
Acts 2:4 “And they [the apostles] were all filled with the Holy Spirit, and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance.”
Acts 2:17 (prophecy of Joel) “And it shall be in the last days, saith God, I will pour forth of my Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and daughters shall prophesy, And your young men shall see visions, And your old men shall dream dreams.”
Acts 10:44 “While Peter yet spake these words, the Holy Spirit fell on all them that heard the word (v. 45) And they of the circumcision that believed were amazed, as many as came with Peter, because that on the Gentiles also was poured out the gift of the Holy Spirit (v. 46) For they heard them speak with tongues, and magnify God.  Then answered Peter, (v. 47) Can any man forbid the water, that these should not be baptized who have received the Holy Spirit as well as we?”
Acts 11:15 (Peter speaking) “And as I began to speak, the Holy Spirit fell on them, even as on us at the beginning. (v. 16) And I remembered the word of the Lord, how he said, John indeed baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized in the Holy Spirit.”
Acts 15:8 “And God, who knoweth the heart, bare them witness giving them [the Gentiles] the Holy Spirit, even as he did unto us”
Rom. 15:19 (Paul speaking) “in the power of signs and wonders, in the power of the Holy Spirit; so that from Jerusalem and round about even unto Illyrieum, I have fully preached the gospel of Christ”

Gifts Measure
A third manifestation of the power of the Holy Spirit is seen in what can be called the gifts measure -–more limited than the power bestowed in the baptismal measure.  It was generally received through the apostles by the “laying on of hands”.
The following Scriptures comprehensively relate to this measure:
Acts 8:14 “Now when the apostles that were at Jerusalem heard that Samaria had received the word of God, they sent unto them Peter and John: (v. 15) who, when they were come down, prayed for them, that they might receive the Holy Spirit: (v. 16) for as yet it was fallen upon none of them: only they had been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.  (v. 17) Then laid they their hands on them, and they received the Holy Spirit. (v. 18).  Now when Simon saw that through the laying on of the apostles’ hands the Holy Spirit was given, he offered them money, (v. 19) saying, Give me also this power.  (v. 20) But Peter said unto him, Thy silver perish with thee, because thou hast thought to obtain the gift of God with money.  (v. 21)  Thou hast neither part nor lot in this matter: for thy heart is not right before God.”
Acts 19:2 “And he [Paul] said unto them, Did you receive the Holy Spirit when ye believed?  And they said unto him, Nay, we did not so much as hear whether the Holy Spirit was given. (v. 6) And when Paul had laid his hands upon them, the Holy Spirit came on them; and they spake with tongues, and prophesied.”
1 Cor. 12 (concerning spiritual gifts) (v. 3) “Wherefore I make known unto you, that no man speaking in the Spirit of God, saith, Jesus is anathema; and no man can say, Jesus is Lord, but in the Holy Spirit. (v. 4)  Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.  (v. 8) For to one is given through the Spirit the word of wisdom; and to another the word of knowledge, according to the same Spirit: (v. 9) to another faith, in the same Spirit; and to another gifts of healings, in the one Spirit; (v. 10) and to another workings of miracles; and to another prophecy; and to another discernings of spirits: to another divers kinds of tongues; and to another the interpretation of tongues: (v. 11) but all these worketh the one and the same Spirit, dividing to each one severally even as he will.”
Heb. 2:4 “God also bearing witness with them, both by signs and wonders, and with manifold powers, and by gifts of the Holy Spirit, according to his own will.”
In a Biblical sense, it was an age of “miracles”.  The term is more carelessly and ignorantly used today, but let it be understood that when the last person to receive the gifts measure died (an apostle or the person on whom an apostle had lain hands), the Biblical age of miracles ceased.

Indwelling Measure
This is the portion of the Holy Spirit received by Christians when they believe and obey the truth.  Acts 2:38 “And Peter said unto them, Repent ye, and be baptized everyone of you in the name of Jesus Christ unto the remission of your sins; and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.” (emphasis added).
This scripture is often cited when teaching the necessity of baptism but too frequently the profound truth in the last part is not fully realized.
This is the moment when we are born again.  In the natural birth, the mother’s water breaks and we are born with a body and a spirit.  The body will eventually die and the spirit will depart and return to God.  There is a wonderful counterpart in the new birth: as we rise, we break the surface of the water and our spirit is reborn.  We are given an earnest or a kind of down-payment of the same spirit that will enable us to rise from the dead – the selfsame power which raised our Savior from the dead at His resurrection.  (See Rom. 8:11)
This measure of the Holy Spirit is more limited than those described above, but is at the core of the scheme of redemption and we have no hope without this gift.
The following Scriptures explore this gift and the indwelling of the common measure.
Luke 11:13 “If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children, how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?”
John 3:5 “Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God (v. 6) That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.  (v. 7) Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born anew.  (v. 8) The wind bloweth where it will, and thou hearest the voice thereof, but knowest not whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is everyone that is born of the Spirit.”
John 4:24 “God is Spirit: and they that worship him must worship in spirit and truth.”
John 7:39 “But this spake he [Jesus] of the Spirit, which they that believed on him were to receive: for the Spirit was not yet given; because Jesus was not yet glorified.”
Rom. 5:5 “and hope putteth not to shame; because the love of God hath been shed abroad in our hearts through the Holy Spirit which was given unto us.”
Rom 8:1  “There is therefore now no condemnation to them which are in Christ Jesus [who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit (KJV)] (v. 2) For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the law of sin and of death.  (v. 3) For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God, sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh and not for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: (v. 4) that the ordinance of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh but after the Spirit. (v. 5) For they that are after the flesh mind the things of the flesh; but they that are after the Spirit the things of the Spirit.  (v. 6) For the mind of the flesh is death; but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace:  (v. 9)But ye are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you.  But if any man hath not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.  (v. 10) And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the spirit is life because of righteousness.  (v. 11) But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also to your mortal bodies through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.”  See also the following verses including verse 15: “For ye received not the spirit of bondage again unto fear; but ye received the spirit of adoption, whereby we cry, Abba, Father.”
1 Cor. 2:12 “But we received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is from God; that we might know the things that were freely given to us of God.”
1 Cor. 3:16 “Know ye not that ye are a temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?”
1 Cor. 6:19 “Or know ye not that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit which is in you, which ye have from God? and ye are not your own”
1 Cor. 12:13 “For in one Spirit were we all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, whether bond or free; and were all made to drink of one Spirit."
2 Cor. 1:22 “who also sealed us, and gave us the earnest of the Spirit in our hearts.”
2 Cor. 5:5 “Now he that wrought us for this very thing is God, who gave unto us the earnest of the Spirit.”
Gal. 3:2 “This only would I [Paul] learn from you, Received ye the Spirit by the works of the law, or by hearing of faith? (v. 3) Are ye so foolish? having begun in the Spirit, are ye now perfected in the flesh? (v. 5) He therefore that supplieth to you the Spirit, and worketh miracles among you, doeth he it by the works of the law, or by the hearing of faith?”
Gal. 4:6 “And because ye are sons, God sent forth the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, crying, Abba, Father”
Gal. 5:5 “For we through the Spirit by faith wait for the hope of righteousness.”
Eph. 1:13 “in whom ye also, having heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation, – in whom, having also believed, ye were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise (v. 14) which is an earnest of our inheritance…”
Eph. 2:18 “for through him we both have our access in one Spirit unto the Father (v. 21)… groweth into a holy temple in the Lord (v. 22) in whom ye also are builded together for a habitation of God in the Spirit.”
Eph. 3:16 “that he would grant you, according to the riches of his glory, that you may be strengthened with power through his Spirit in the inward man (v. 17) that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith.”
Eph. 4:30 “And grieve not the Holy Spirit of God, in whom ye were sealed unto the day of redemption”
Eph. 6:17 “And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God: (v. 18) with all prayer and supplication praying at all seasons in the Spirit, and watching thereunto in all perseverance and supplication for all the saints.”
Phil. 3:3 “for we are the circumcision, who worship by the Spirit of God, and glory in Christ Jesus, and have no confidence in the flesh”
I Thess.4:8 “Therefore he that rejecteth, rejecteth not man, but God who giveth his Holy Spirit unto you.”
I Thess. 5:23 “And the God of peace himself sanctify you wholly: and may your spirit and soul and body be preserved entire, without blame at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ.”
2 Tim. 1:14 “That good thing which was committed unto thee guard through the Holy Spirit which dwelleth in us.”
Titus 3:5 “not by works done in righteousness, which we did ourselves, but according to his mercy he saved us, through the washing of regeneration [baptism] and renewing of the Holy Spirit.”
Heb. 6:4 “For as touching those who were once enlightened and tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Spirit”
Jas 4:5 “Or think ye that the Scripture speaketh in vain? Doth the spirit which he made to dwell in us long unto envying?”
I Peter 4:14 “If ye are reproached for the name of Christ, blessed are ye because the Spirit of glory and the Spirit of God resteth upon you.”
I John 3:24 “And he that keepeth his commandments abideth in him, and he in him.  And hereby we know that he abideth in us, by the Spirit which he gave us.”
I John 4:13 “hereby we know that we abide in him and he in us, because he hath given us of his Spirit.”

WORK of the HOLY SPIRIT
Apart from the activities and the work of the Spirit related to the powers manifested in the foregoing “measures”, since the beginning He has been active in diverse ways and involved whenever supernatural power was or is called for.

Leading and Directing for God’s Purposes
Both the Old and New Testaments are rife with examples of how God through the Spirit has directed the lives and affairs of men including individuals, groups, armies, and even nations.  The pillars of clouds and fire that led the children of Israel in the wilderness were certainly supernatural, and while Scripture does not plainly say so, they were almost certainly manifestations of the Holy Spirit.
Following are a few examples of the many:

Numbers 11:17 – Moses and the 70 elders
Numbers 14:25 – Caleb
Judges 3:10 – Othniel in battle
Judges 6:34 -- Gideon as he led the Israelites in battle
Judges 11:29 – Jepthah in war
Judges 14:6,19 – Samson
Luke 2:27 – Simeon in the temple
Luke 4:1 – Jesus into the wilderness to be tempted
Acts 8:29,39 – Philip
Acts 11:12 -- Peter
Acts 21:4 – Paul

The Holy Scriptures
It is also through his special powers that the Holy Spirit has revealed the word of God to the world.  The Old Testament or covenant, of course, came first and was a shadow of the New Testament to follow.  
While there is no Scripture to confirm this, no doubt God, probably through the power of the Holy Spirit, indirectly influenced the organization and collection of the inspired written word into what we call the canon of the Bible.
The Spirit accomplished this through human agents as they were moved by this divine inspiration and revelation.  I Thess 1:5 “how that our gospel came not unto you in word only, but also in power, and in the Holy Spirit.”
Confirming Scriptures are herein listed:

2 Tim. 3:16 “All Scripture inspired of God is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for instruction which is in righteousness.”

2 Peter 1:19 “We have the word of prophecy made more sure; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a lamp shining in a dark place… (v. 20) knowing this first, that no prophecy of the Scripture is of any private interpretation, (v. 21) For no prophecy ever came by the will of man: but men of God spake from God, being moved by the Holy Spirit.”
There is a beautiful and poignant analogy here: the world is pictured as a “dark place”, but that everywhere there is a Bible or the word in the hearts of Christians, there is a light.  Psalm 119:105 amplifies this well – “Thy word is a lamp unto my feet and a light unto my path.”  Hence, another attribute of the Holy Spirit is light.
But more: the word is truth.  John 17:17 – “Sanctify them in the truth: thy word is truth.”  The Scripture in many places correlates truth and the Spirit and power; and, indeed, the Holy Spirit is often called the “Spirit of truth”.  As the Scripture says in John 8:32 – “ye shall know the truth, and the truth shall make you free”.  Quite obviously, anything other than the truth (i.e., the word , the Spirit) will not set you free (or save or redeem).  Such unity of wisdom!

Life Giving (also see under Measures)
The word “quicken” is also used in some translations to convey the idea of giving life or animation.
Here are some of the key Scriptures that point to this unique power of the Holy Spirit:
Job 33:4 “The Spirit of God hath made me,  And the breath of the Almighty giveth me life.”
John 3:5 “Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except one be born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.  (v. 6) That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.  (v. 7) Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born anew.  (v.8) The wind bloweth where it will, and thou hearest the voice thereof, but knowest not whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit."
Rom. 8:2 “For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus made me free from the law of sin and death.  (v. 6) For the mind of the flesh is death, but the mind of the Spirit is life and peace: (v. 10) And if Christ is in you, the body is dead because of sin; but the Spirit is life because of righteousness.  (v. 11) But if the Spirit of him that raised up Jesus from the dead dwelleth in you, he that raised up Christ Jesus from the dead shall give life also to your mortal bodies through his Spirit that dwelleth in you.”
1 Cor. 15:45 “So also it is written, The first man Adam became a living soul.  The last Adam became a life-giving Spirit.”
2 Cor. 3:6 “…for the letter [of the old covenant] killeth, but the spirit giveth life.”
1 Peter 3:18 “Because Christ also suffered for sins once, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God; being put to death in the flesh, but made alive in the Spirit”
I Peter 4:6 “For unto this end was the gospel preached even to the dead, that they might be judged indeed according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.”

As a Comforter
Where the word appears with a capital letter, Comforter is synonymous with Holy Spirit.
John 14:16 “And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may be with you for ever, (v. 17) even the Spirit of truth”
John 14:26 “But the Comforter, even the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things, and bring you to remembrance all that I said unto you.”
John 15:26 “But when the Comforter is come, whom I will send unto you from the Father, even the Spirit of truth, which proceedeth from the Father, he shall bear witness of me”
John 16:7 “Nevertheless I tell you the truth: It is expedient for you that I go away; for if I go not away, the Comforter will not come unto you; but if I go, I will send him unto you.”
The fruits of the Comforter are borne out in the following Scriptures:
Acts 13:52 “And the disciples were filled with joy and with the Holy Spirit.”
Rom. 14:17 “for the kingdom of God is not eating and drinking, but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.”
2 Cor. 13:14 “The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the love of God, and the communion of the Holy Spirit be with you all.”
Gal. 5:22 “But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, (v. 23) meekness, self-control; against such there is no law.”

As a witness
Acts 5:32 “And we are witnesses of these things; and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God hath given to them that obey him”
Rom. 8:16 “The Spirit himself beareth witness with our spirit, that we are children of God”
Rom. 9:1 “I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience bearing witness with me in the Holy Spirit”
Heb. 10:15 “And the Holy Spirit also beareth witness to us; for after he hath said…”
1 John 5:7 “And it is the Spirit the beareth witness, because the Spirit is the truth.”

In prayer, as a communication link
Rom. 8:26 “And in like manner the Spirit also helpeth our infirmity: for we know not how to pray as we ought; but the Spirit himself makes intercession for us with groanings which cannot be uttered”
1 Cor. 14:15 “What is it then? I will pray with the spirit, and I wil pray with the understanding also: I will sing with the spirit, and I will sing with the understanding also.”
Eph. 6:18 “with all prayer and supplication praying at all seasons in the Spirit, and watching thereunto in all perseverance and supplication for all the saints”
Jude 20 “But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Spirit”

We have the testimony of Rev. 19:6 – “Hallelujah: for the Lord our God, the Almighty reigneth.”  The KJV renders the original “pantokrator” as “omnipotent”, of course, meaning “all powerful”.  Our praise to the Holy Spirit in which this unequaled power is embodied.